Balaka’s young model farmer


By Louis Kumchima:

RECOGNITION — Chikwati’s Sadc trophy

He won the Southern Africa Development Community (Sadc) award on soil conservation in 2018.

Despite Balaka facing perennial dry spells, he is able to harvest more than 80 bags from his small piece of land through adherence to modern agricultural practices.


Oris Chikwati, 33, was driven into farming at an early age of 22 as fate could not allow him to remain in school following the death of his grandparents in 2006.

Chikwati was aware that education is key to one’s success but the responsibility of taking care of his two siblings, immediately after his guardians’ death, was a big blow on his education.

“I dropped out of school when I was in Form Three since I could not afford to pay fees. At the same time, I was supposed to look after my young brothers.


“I felt bad but I couldn’t do otherwise,” he explains.

Chikwati’s hope was on the land, the only capital his grandparents bequeathed him.

Single-handedly and with little agricultural knowledge, he embarked on maize production for food but the land could not give him satisfactory yield because it had become infertile.

There was little or no land management by his grandparents to maintain and sustain soil fertility until the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development earmarked the area, including his land, for Green Belt Initiative Programme.

The programme commenced with training of farmers, including Chikwati, on climate change, soil conservation, fodder preservation, water harvesting, crop diversification and seed multiplication.

He says the initiative encouraged farmers to establish farming clusters and to adopt modern agricultural farming practices.

In the programme, agriculture extension workers advised the farmers to implement all the modern agricultural technologies in a bid to restore and conserve soil and increase its fertility.

“The technologies also helped to retain rainwater which helps to moisturise soils during dry spells.

“We are not affected like those who have not embraced the technologies. We always have bumper harvests,” Chikwati says.

Being the youngest of the farmers in the initiative and due to his interest and hardworking spirit, extension workers visited him regularly to monitor the progress of his work, especially in land management.

Eventually, Chikwati received all forms of support including high yielding hybrid crop varieties from the DADO which he planted on his 0.5 acre.

“I realised bumper yields beyond my expectation. I then extended my farm to one hectare using slashing method following extension workers’ advice,” says Chikwati, a father of three.

Group Village Head Mpulula, from whose area Chikwati comes from, describes him as a role model and an icon among the youthful generation in her area.

Mpulula says, through Chikwati’s hardworking and interest in modern farming, many people in the area have started emulating his agricultural practices.

She further says the skills passed on to the youth have made the area to become self-reliant in terms of food as many farmers now harvest more than before.

“Most farmers are growing crops that withstand dry spells and with new agricultural technologies, they harvest more. This can be attributed to what they see in Chikwati’s farm,” she explains.

It has been 13 years since Chikwati ventured into farming and though he found himself in the industry by chance, today he does not regret the decision of taking modern farming seriously.

Chikwati says he has no plans of getting employment elsewhere as he sees light at the end of the tunnel.

“My life has greatly transformed. I built a four-bedroom decent house; I’ve livestock, a sofa set and I continue realising bumper yields every year.

“I envision myself swimming in money in the next few years to come,” Chikwati says.

Following his hard working and achievements, Chikwati was identified and chosen as a lead farmer in the area and chairs the Village Agriculture Committee.

To this effect, he harbours an ambition to open an agro-business enterprise in his area where farmers could access farm inputs and other agricultural services.

Patrick Majawa, a farmer in the same area, who has seen Chikwati rising in his farming business, describes him as the best example of modern farmers in the area and beyond.

Majawa says farming was previously regarded as a career for the elderly as young people opted for white-collar jobs.

“The young man started from scratch but now, there he is, recognised internationally.

Although most people regard modern agricultural technologies as quite involving and tedious, the young man has proved it is worthwhile and rewarding,” Majawa says.

He further says modern technologies that have catapulted Chikwati into recognition include knowledge and skills in dealing with problems that come with climate change.

“Farmers are equipped with all the knowledge and skills to avert climate change issues. So, there’s much sense in adopting the technologies for maximum results,” Majawa says.

He cites fodder preservation and soil conservation technologies as best instruments for dealing with erratic rains that hit the district annually.

Balaka District Agriculture Development Officer Dennis Zingeni describes Chikwati as an agriculture youth pioneer who has voluntarily adopted all the new farming technologies that the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development has been advocating on the ground.

Zingeni, therefore, predicts a bright future for Chikwati in farming due to his interest and adherence to new technologies in the industry.

“Previously, he was harvesting less than a tonne but now, with new technologies, he’s able to realise more than 2.5 metric tonnes per hectare, which is a big achievement in agriculture,” Zingeni says.

Zingeni believes that the Sadc award that Chikwati received was a morale booster and encouragement to him and the community at large.

“Since he received the award, the young man is not looking back but working closely with agricultural extension workers to keep learning new skills.

“No wonder, most of our field visits take us to his field where most of the skills that we advocate are practiced,” Zingeni says.

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