The emergence of Cyclone Ana in Malawi has exposed, yet again, the effects of climate change, according to Association of Environmental Journalists in Malawi President Matthews Malata.
He said some of the problems the country was facing were stemming from the fact that countries continued to emit large quantities of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, expediting the rate at which the globe warms.
“This is a typical case of climate injustice which Malawi is a victim of,” Malata said.
A 2021 study by Nature Geoscience indicated that climate change was causing an expansion of tropical cyclones, leaving other countries vulnerable.
“Previous studies largely neglected the complex processes that occur at temporal and spatial scales of individual storms as these are poorly resolved in numerical models. Here we review mesoscale physics in the context of responses to climate warming of the Hadley circulation, jet streams and Intertropical Convergence Zone.
“We conclude that 21st century Tropical Cyclones will most probably occupy a broader range of latitudes than those of the past three million years as low-latitude genesis will be supplemented with increasing mid-latitude Tropical Cyclones’ favourability, although precise estimates for future migration remain beyond current methodologies,” the research findings read.
Cyclone Ana hit Mozambique on Monday, before heading to Malawi, widely affecting some districts in the Southern Region of the country.
The stormy weather also hit Zimbabwe.
Interestingly, the three countries hit by Cyclone Ana were, in a 2021 Global Climate Risk Index, listed as three of the five countries most affected by climate change in the world in 2019.
Speaking at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Scotland in November 2021, President Lazarus Chakwera addressed the issue of climate injustice by asking resourceful countries to resolve the pollution mess they had created in vulnerable countries.
In 2019, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Mozambique were also hit by Cyclone Idai.