Poorer people left behind as rich nations hoard Covid-19 vaccine
A new report has found that as many as 90 percent of the population in dozens of poorer countries will miss out on the coronavirus vaccine next year because most of the supply has already been taken by rich nations.
The People’s Vaccine Alliance has said that rich countries have hoarded enough doses to vaccinate their entire populations nearly three times over.
That leaves at least 67 poor countries with only enough to vaccinate one out of 10 people, unless governments and the pharmaceutical industry take urgent action, the alliance, which includes Amnesty International and Oxfam, warned.
Five of the 67 – Kenya, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan and Ukraine – have reported nearly 1.5 million coronavirus cases between them. In contrast, rich nations and economies that are home to 14 percent of the global population had bought 53 percent of the total stock of the most promising vaccines as of last month.
That includes the European Union, United States,(US) Britain, Canada, Japan, Switzerland, Australia, Hong Kong, Macau, New Zealand, Israel and Kuwait.
“The hoarding of vaccines actively undermines global efforts to ensure that everyone, everywhere can be protected from Covid-19,” said Steve Cockburn, Amnesty International’s head of economic and social justice.
“Rich countries have clear human rights obligations not only to refrain from actions that could harm access to vaccines elsewhere but also to cooperate and provide assistance to countries that need it.” According to Oxfam, Canada has bought enough doses to vaccinate its population five times over.
South Korea, another leading world economy, has bought sufficient vaccine for 88 percent of its population of more than 50 million people. Meanwhile, the Philippines, considered a developing country, has so far secured only 2.6 million doses for delivery next year. That only covers 1.3 million people out of its total population of more than 100 million.
“No one should be blocked from getting a life-saving vaccine because of the country they live in, or the amount of money in their pocket,” Anna Marriott, Oxfam’s health policy chief, said.
“But unless something changes dramatically, billions of people around the world will not receive a safe and effective vaccine for Covid-19 for years to come.”
The alliance analysed data, including contracts reached between countries and pharmaceutical companies, in coming up with their conclusion and recommendations, the report said.
Among the three vaccines for which efficacy results have been announced, almost all the available doses of two of them – Moderna and PfizerBioNTech – have already been acquired by rich countries, the Alliance noted.
The Food and Drug Administration in the is discussing emergency use authorisation for the PfizerBioNTech vaccine this month.— Al Jazeera